Japanese chef knife styles

There is a massive range of Japanese knives that all perform different tasks and their shapes, sizes and design all vary significantly. Here's a guide to some of the most common styles of chef knife you might encounter.

Gyuto (Chef knife)

Ranging from 180mm to 270mm the gyuto (translates as "beef-sword") is a general purpose chef's knife that are typically quite tall at the heel and pointed towards the tip for precision work. This is the most common day-to-day knife for most people and would be comparable to the common "chef knife" in most people's kitchens.

The Masakage Yuki gyuto 180mm - View knife detail

Santoku (multi-purpose knife)

Santoku translates to "three virtues" (or three uses) which are slicing, dicing and chopping. It is the Japanese general purpose chef knife that you would use for most tasks and is typically around 160 to 180mm long. As with the gyuto, it's an all rounder that's great for most jobs and is a good choice if you just want one knife that does most things well.

The Sakai Takayuki 45 layer Mirror santoku - View knife detail

Petty (Paring knife)

A petty knife is a small utility knife designed mainly for delicate work like cutting herbs or small fruits or vegetables, in the West we'd call it a paring knife.

Nakiri (Vegetable knife)

A vegetable knife designed with a thin, straight edge and squared tip it allows you to slice all the way through vegetables without needing to twist the blade. The tall profile also helps with scooping your veg into the pot.

Sujihiki (Carving knife)

A long and thin carving knife - slim and long to allow fewer passes of the blade through boneless pieces of meat or vegetables which  helps avoid tearing which gives a cleaner overall cut.


Typically quite thick along the spine and with a very sharp and pointed tip it's designed to get in and around bones and joints to strip out your cuts of meat easily.


The little brother of the 'Bunka' (ko means small in Japanese), this boning knife is perfect for cleaning, dressing and cutting all types of meat. This handy little knife is a cross between a petty and its bigger brother the 'Bunka'. 


A good general purpose knife that's a similar to a santoku or gyuto but with a more pronounced tip for intricate work. 


A versatile all round knife, the Funayuki style of knife was traditionally used on Japanese fishing boats to prepare meals at sea and perform a range of cleaning and prep jobs. In Japan, typically only executive chefs are permitted to use this style of knife because the thin blade can easily chip in less skilled hands.


Sabaki means 'handling' in Japanese and is used primarily for handling and removing the meat from bones (but not cutting through them) easily and quickly.


Like a cross between a small santoku and a petty knife, the ko-bocho is ideally suited to a range of intricate roles primarily working with vegetables and foods that, as a general guide, you can hold in your hand while working.


A single edged heavy knife that is primarily used for filleting and deboning fish. Strong enough to be able to deal with fish but not recommended for meat bones other than chicken.

These are just a selection of the more common Japanese knives we stock and there are many more for ever more specific jobs.

If there's a type or brand of knife you'd like us to stock, please don't hesitate to contact us and let us know!